German football league system
The Bundesliga, meaning "Federal League", is the top level of the German football league system. The Bundesliga is Germany's primary football competition. It is contested by 18 teams and operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the 2. Bundesliga.
The Bundesliga is a professional football league and thus, requires all of its clubs to be run as business entities. All clubs have equal voting rights within the league.
The Bundesliga is broadcast on television in over 200 countries. The Bundesliga was founded in 1963 by the German Football Association (DFB).
The first season of the Bundesliga was 1963–64. The current champions are Bayern Munich, who have won the title 27 times.
The Bundesliga has the highest average stadium attendance of any football league globally. The average stadium attendance in the 2016–17 season was 43,167, which is more than double the average of the second-placed Premier League.
The Bundesliga is the world's most competitive football league. In the 2017–18 season, the Bundesliga had the highest percentage of foreign players of any European football league, at 43.8%.
The Bundesliga is also the most economically successful football league, with revenue of €4.17 billion in the 2016–17 season. This is more than the revenue of the second and third-placed leagues, the Premier League and La Liga.
The Bundesliga is the number one football league in Europe in terms of average attendance, with 43,167 spectators per game in the 2016–17 season. This is more than double the average of the second-placed Premier League.
The Bundesliga has the highest average stadium capacity of any football league globally. The average stadium capacity in the 2016–17 season was 75,000.
The Bundesliga is the most-watched football league in the world. The Bundesliga's global broadcast reach, with the league's games broadcast on television in over 200 countries.
The Bundesliga is the most successful football league in Europe in terms of trophies won. Bundesliga clubs have won a record 27 European trophies, including 8 Champions League titles, 6 Europa League titles, and 13 UEFA Cup/Europa League titles.
Italian Serie A
Serie A, also called Serie A TIM due to sponsorship by TIM, is a professional football league in Italy for men. It is the top-flight of the Italian league system and has been operating for over eighty years since the 1929–30 season. Serie A is regarded as one of the best football leagues in the world, and it is often depicted as the most tactical national league. Serie A was the world's second-strongest national league in 2014 according to IFFHSand has produced the highest number of European Cup finalists: Italian clubs have reached the final of the competition on 27 occasions, winning the title 12 times. ACCORDING TO UEFA'S LEAGUE COEFFICIENT, Serie A is ranked third among European leagues, behind La Liga and ahead of the Premier League and Bundesliga.
As of 2018–19, Serie A is the world's third-most watched sports league, behind the Premier League and La Liga, with an average global live audience of 467 million for its matches.
Twenty teams contest the Serie A championship. The two teams with the most points are crowned co-champions at the end of the season. If two or more teams are tied for points, the team with the most wins is crowned champion. If a single team has won more games than any other team in the league, that team is crowned champion.
The Serie A season typically runs from August to May. Each team plays 38 games throughout the season, for 380 games.
The top four teams in Serie A qualify for the UEFA Champions League, with the top two teams qualifying directly for the group stage and the third and fourth-placed teams qualifying for the playoff round. The fifth-placed team qualifies for the UEFA Europa League.
The bottom three teams are relegated to Serie B, the second tier of Italian football, and are replaced by the top three teams in that division.
Serie A is the second-oldest football league in the world. It was founded on March 9, 1898, with the merger of Italy's two top regional leagues, the Lega Nord and the Lega Sud.
The first-ever Serie A season was played in 1898–99 and featured just four teams: Genoa, Milan, Internazionale, and Juventus. Genoa were the inaugural champions, winning the title with a 9–0 win over Juventus.
As of the 2018–19 season, Juventus have won the Serie A title a record 34 times. AC Milan is second with 18 titles, while Inter Milan is third with 17 titles.
The most successful Serie A club of the modern era is Juventus, who won the title 34 times. Juventus are also the only team to have won the title in consecutive seasons (2011–12 and 2012–13).
The current Serie A champions are Juventus, who won the title for the seventh consecutive time in the 2017–18 season.
Serie A is the most-watched football league in Italy. The average Serie A match attendance in the 2017–18 season was 22,973, the second-highest of any professional football league in Europe, behind only the Bundesliga.
Serie A is also one of the most popular football leagues globally. The 2017–18 season was watched by an average global live audience of 467 million, the third-highest of any professional football league in the world, behind only the Premier League and La Liga.
The Serie A TV rights are worth €1.05 billion per season, which is the second-highest of any professional football league, behind only the Premier League.
Serie A is one of the most valuable football leagues in the world. The 2017–18 season generated a record €4.35 billion in revenue, which is the second-highest of any professional football league, behind only the Premier League.